The rate of interest, however, varies with the time period of the public deposits. The companies generally offer 8 to 9 percent interest rate on the deposits made for one year.
The companies offer 9 to 10 percent interest rate over public deposits for two years while 10 to 11 percent interest rate is offered for the three year deposits. There are rules regulating the fixed deposits.
According to the Companies Amendment Rules 1978, here is the list of rules for public deposits:
- The maximum maturity period for a public deposit is 3 years
- The minimum maturity period for public deposits is 6 months
- The maximum maturity period for a public deposit for Non-Banking Financial Corporation is 5 years
- The public deposits of a company cannot go past 25% of free reserves and share capitals
- The companies asking for public deposits need to publish information regarding the position and financial performance of the firm
- The companies having public deposits need to keep aside the 10% of the deposits by 30th April every year that will mature by 31st March next year.
The various advantages of public deposits enjoyed by the companies are:
- There is no involvement of restrictive agreement
- The process involved in gaining public deposit is simple and easy
- The cost incurred after tax is reasonable
- Since there is no need to pledge security for public deposits, the assets of firm that can be mortgaged can be preserved
The disadvantages of public deposits from the company's point of view are:
- The maturity period is short enough
- Limited fund can be obtained from the public deposits
The advantages of public deposits enjoyed by the investors are:
- The interest rate is higher than the other financial investment instruments
- The fund maturity period is short
The disadvantages of public deposits from the investors' pint of view are:
- The interest that is charged on the public deposits does not enjoy tax exemption
- There is no pledging of security against public deposits