Poverty In Somalia
Two specific regions of Somalia; Somaliland, located in the north west and Puntland, located in the north east, experience more stability with regard to socio economic conditions. Stability in the two areas may be attributed to the fact that, Somaliland and Puntland have independent governing bodies.
On the contrary, the southern part of Somalia, is comparatively poorer and suffers from unstable economic conditions. The southern part of Somalia, where conflict and confusions reign supreme, is subjected to food shortage. Somalia economy suffers from lack of proper infrastructure.
Causes of Poverty in Somalia:
Poverty in Somalia, can be attributed to a number of factors. The prominent ones being absence of an active central government, civil disputes, natural calamities like floods and droughts. Poverty in Somalia has increased manifold since 1990.
Somalia, witnessed many inhibiting factors like downfall of the government, outbreak of the civil war, which further aggravated the problem of poverty in Somalia.
Effects of poverty in Somalia:
Malnutrition prevails throughout Somalia. Majority of women in Somalia are uneducated. Somalia lacks enough family planning and health awareness programs. Maternal mortality rates are among the highest in Somalia. Studies reveal that pregnancy and childbirth are two factors, due to which as many as 45 women die everyday in Somalia.
Poverty in Somalia is far flung. People are dying due to hunger and illness is steeply on the rise. The comparatively stronger section of the population have dominated the less privileged and confiscated their agricultural lands. Illness and famine are reigning supreme in Somalia. For this reason, many people of Somali have shifted their base and moved away to adjoining nations.