Poverty in Zimbabwe
It is observed that poverty is more prevalent in communal farming areas, low rainfall areas of Matabeleland South, Masvingo, and in Matabeleland North provinces. Furthermore, drought and low asset holdings by the poor made them more prone to food scarcity.
Market survey reports uncover that during 1990, almost 25% of Zimbabwean people were poor. This means that they are lacking the power to acquire basic needs like food, clothing, shelter, health, and education. During 90's, seven percent of the Zimbabwean people were very poor, which means that they were deficient to acquire food.
Market analysis reportMarket analysis report by World Bank reveals that in 1990, Zimbabwe experienced lower infant mortality rate, higher school registration rate and higher adult literacy rate.
After independence, the government of Zimbabwe designed some plans to support smallholders agriculture and gave priority to human resource investment programmes.
In the middle of 1980, Zimbabwe experienced enhanced technological advancement and better government services. However, the employment growth was not sufficient enough. However, despite the various family planning activities organized by the Government of Zimbabwe, the population growth was not dropped steadily. It continued to grow by 3% per year.
Inducement and regulative structure: The government of Zimbabwe administered some mechanisms to allocate resources. The government also regulated the selling, leasing of agricultural lands. In recent years, new indigenous enterprises are coming to operate in the market.
Statistical report on poverty in ZimbabweSome of the key features of market survey report by World Bank are:
- During 1990-91, 25% of the people of Zimbabwe were poor
- Poverty is prevalent in rural areas and low rainfall areas of Zimbabwe
- Poor people in Zimbabwe have limited power to acquire land, although they are intemperately dependent on agricultural activities for their income.