Chinese Investment in Africa

Over the years, Chinese investments in Africa have skyrocketed with the continent becoming China’s largest trading partner. China has invested in almost every major sector ranging from energy, metals, transportation and infrastructure to real estate and energy. Some African nations where China has made substantial investments include Ethiopia, Nigeria, Kenya, Angola, Guinea, South Africa, among others. It is estimated that approximately 800 Chinese companies are present in Africa. Most of these are private companies, which are involved in the energy, infrastructure and the banking sectors. China has made substantial investment in the African energy sector with oil and gas exploration and production levels reaching to more than $2 billion. The table below provides information about Chinese investments in the continent.

Chinese Investment in Africa
Year Investor Quantity in Millions Sector Subsector Country Region
2005 CNPC $390 Energy Algeria Arab World
2005 Sinohydro $210 Agriculture Algeria Arab World
2006 CITIC and China Railway Construction $6,200 Transport Autos Algeria Arab World
2006 State Construction Engineering $260 Transport Aviation Algeria Arab World
2009 China Railway Construction $2,570 Transport Rail Algeria Arab World
2009 State Construction Engineering $260 Transport Autos Algeria Arab World
2011 State Construction Engineering $200 Real estate Construction Algeria Arab World
2011 State Construction Engineering $220 Real estate Construction Algeria Arab World
2011 State Construction Engineering $700 Real estate Construction Algeria Arab World
2012 State Construction Engineering $1,340 Real estate Construction Algeria Arab World
2012 State Construction Engineering $170 Real estate Construction Algeria Arab World
2013 State Construction Engineering $400 Real estate Construction Algeria Arab World
2013 State Construction Engineering $160 Other Algeria Arab World
2013 China Railway Construction $1,180 Transport Autos Algeria Arab World
2014 Sinoma $260 Real estate Construction Algeria Arab World
2014 State Construction Engineering $890 Transport Aviation Algeria Arab World
2005 Sinomach $240 Real estate Construction Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2005 China Railway Construction $350 Transport Rail Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2006 Sinopec $730 Energy Oil Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2006 Sinohydro $100 Agriculture Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2007 Sinohydro $120 Real estate Construction Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 China Railway Engineering $100 Real estate Construction Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 CITIC $3,540 Real estate Construction Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 Sinomach $300 Energy Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 China Communications Construction $1,130 Transport Shipping Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Sinomach $100 Real estate Construction Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 China Railway Engineering Corporation $1,140 Real estate Construction Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Sinoma $260 Real estate Construction Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Power Construction Corp $100 Other Utilities Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinopec $1,520 Energy Oil Angola Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 Sinohydro $100 Energy Hydro Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 Sinomach $970 Energy Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 China Communications Construction $500 Transport Shipping Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Three Gorges $110 Transport Autos Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Sinomach $500 Transport Autos Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Sinohydro $800 Energy Hydro Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Sinomach $870 Other Utilities Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Sinopec $540 Energy Oil Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Three Gorges $200 Energy Hydro Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Communications Construction $460 Transport Autos Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Sinosteel $660 Metals Steel Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 China Communications Construction $700 Transport Shipping Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa
2007 CNPC $200 Energy Oil Chad Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 CNPC $470 Energy Oil Chad Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Sinomach $990 Transport Aviation Chad Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 China Railway Construction $5,630 Transport Rail Chad Sub-Saharan Africa
2006 Weihai $160 Transport Aviation Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2007 China Communications Construction $250 Transport Autos Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 Sinoma $140 Real estate Construction Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 State Construction Engineering $940 Transport Autos Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Sinomach $380 Energy Hydro Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 State Construction Engineering $600 Transport Autos Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Evergreen Potassium $120 Agriculture Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Power Construction Corp $100 Real estate Construction Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 State Construction Engineering $520 Real estate Construction Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 Sinomach $130 Transport Autos Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 Sinomach $250 Agriculture Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 Sinoma $180 Real estate Construction Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 State Construction Engineering $590 Real estate Construction Congo Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Power Construction Corp $500 Energy Hydro Ivory Coast Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 China Communications Construction $930 Transport Shipping Ivory Coast Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Railway Construction $510 Transport Rail Djibouti Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Merchants Group $190 Transport Shipping Djibouti Sub-Saharan Africa
2006 CITIC and Chinalco $940 Metals Aluminum Egypt Arab World
2007 Sinoma $370 Real estate Construction Egypt Arab World
2007 China Ocean Shipping $150 Transport Shipping Egypt Arab World
2008 China Communications Construction $220 Transport Shipping Egypt Arab World
2009 Tianjin Development $280 Real estate Property Egypt Arab World
2010 Rongsheng Holding and Sinochem $1,990 Energy Oil Egypt Arab World
2011 China Communications Construction $100 Transport Shipping Egypt Arab World
2011 Shandong Electric $150 Energy Gas Egypt Arab World
2012 Jushi Group $230 Real estate Construction Egypt Arab World
2012 Dalian Shipbuilding $320 Energy Oil Egypt Arab World
2013 Tianjin Development $500 Real estate Property Egypt Arab World
2013 Sinopec $3,100 Energy Egypt Arab World
2007 Sinomach $650 Energy Hydro Equatorial Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 China Communications Construction $120 Transport Autos Equatorial Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Sinohydro $320 Energy Equatorial Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 State Construction Engineering $110 Real estate Construction Equatorial Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 State Construction Engineering $240 Real estate Construction Equatorial Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinomach $320 Real estate Construction Equatorial Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinomach $200 Transport Autos Equatorial Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinomach $130 Energy Electric Equatorial Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 China Communications Construction $400 Transport Shipping Eritrea Sub-Saharan Africa
2006 ZTE, Huawei, and China Communications Construction $2,400 Technology Telecom Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2006 Sinohydro $130 Transport Autos Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 Zhongmei Engineering $120 Transport Autos Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 Sinohydro $2,420 Energy Hydro Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 Gezhouba $410 Energy Hydro Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 China Communications Construction $610 Transport Autos Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Jiangsu Yongyuan $140 Real estate Construction Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Dongfang Electric $500 Energy Hydro Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 China Energy Engineering $120 Energy Alternative Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 State Construction Engineering $130 Real estate Construction Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Communications Construction $1,580 Transport Rail Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 State Grid $1,000 Energy Hydro Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinomach $650 Agriculture Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Huawei and ZTE $1,600 Technology Telecom Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 China Railway Construction $3,300 Transport Rail Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 China Energy Engineering $480 Transport Rail Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 Sinohydro $400 Energy Hydro Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 China Communications Construction $200 Transport Autos Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Communications Construction $660 Transport Autos Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 China Communications Construction $120 Transport Shipping Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa
2007 Sinohydro $600 Energy Hydro Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa
2007 Shenzhen Energy and China Development Bank $140 Energy Gas Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Bosai Minerals $1,200 Metals Aluminum Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Gezhouba $270 Other Utilities Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Three Gorges $180 Energy Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Sinopec $850 Energy Gas Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Railway Engineering $360 Real estate Construction Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Communications Construction $150 Transport Shipping Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Three Gorges $240 Other Utilities Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 Sinomach $300 Other Utilities Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Three Gorges $450 Energy Hydro Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 China Power Investment $5,950 Metals Aluminum Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 Chinalco $1,350 Metals Steel Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 Hongqiao $110 Metals Aluminum Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa
2007 Sinohydro $140 Transport Autos Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Sinomach $100 Energy Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Sinomach $170 Agriculture Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 State Construction Engineering $1,750 Energy Hydro Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Communications Construction $2,660 Transport Rail Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Jiangxi Zhongmei Engineering $590 Transport Autos Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 AVIC $650 Transport Aviation Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 China Communications Construction $480 Transport Shipping Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 China Jiangxi Corporation for International Economic and Technical Cooperation $140 Energy Alternative Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinomach $290 Real estate Construction Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 Wuhan Iron and Steel and China Development Bank $110 Metals Steel Liberia Sub-Saharan Africa
2007 Gezhouba $400 Real estate Construction Libya Arab World
2008 China Railway Construction $2,600 Transport Rail Libya Arab World
2009 Sinomach $140 Energy Hydro Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 CNPC $150 Energy Oil Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Energy Engineering $500 Energy Coal Malawi Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 Sinohydro $160 Energy Hydro Mali Sub-Saharan Africa
2005 MCC $170 Transport Aviation Mauritania Arab World
2007 China Railway Engineering $310 Transport Rail Mauritania Arab World
2008 China Communications Construction $290 Transport Shipping Mauritania Arab World
2010 Gezhouba $200 Other Utilities Mauritania Arab World
2010 China Poly $100 Agriculture Mauritania Arab World
2009 Taiyuan Iron, China Development Bank, Shanxi Coking Coal, and Tianli Enterprises $740 Real estate Property Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 State Construction Engineering $300 Transport Aviation Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Three Gorges $110 Energy Hydro Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 China Railway Engineering $260 Transport Rail Morocco Arab World
2010 Three Gorges and Sinohydro $240 Transport Autos Morocco Arab World
2008 MCC $150 Other Utilities Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Henan Guoju $420 Real estate Construction Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Wanbao Grain $290 Agriculture Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Communications Construction $720 Transport Autos Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Communications Construction $700 Transport Shipping Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 State Construction Engineering $320 Real estate Construction Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 CNPC $4,210 Energy Gas Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Anhui Foreign Economic Construction $500 Metals Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 China Communications Construction $300 Transport Shipping Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 China National Nuclear $190 Metals Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa
2007 Sinohydro $160 Metals Niger Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 China National Nuclear $190 Metals Niger Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 CNPC $4,990 Energy Oil Niger Sub-Saharan Africa
2006 CNOOC $2,270 Energy Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 China Communications Construction $440 Transport Shipping Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 China Communications Construction $990 Transport Autos Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 Shenzhen Energy $2,400 Energy Gas Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 Sinoma $230 Real estate Construction Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 China Railway Construction $850 Transport Rail Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 China Merchants and China Development Bank $150 Transport Shipping Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 China Railway Construction, Nanjing Government, China Development Bank, and Guangdong Xinguang $2,500 Real estate Property Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 ZTE $400 Technology Telecom Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Communications Construction $680 Transport Shipping Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Railway Construction $1,490 Transport Rail Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Power Investment $130 Energy Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Railway Construction $680 Transport Aviation Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Sinopec $2,500 Energy Oil Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Huawei $750 Technology Telecom Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 ZTE $500 Technology Telecom Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Power Construction Corp. and Sinomach $1,290 Energy Hydro Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinomach $420 Energy Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinomach $200 Energy Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinoma $260 Real estate Construction Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 China Railway Construction $1,070 Transport Autos Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinoma $540 Real estate Construction Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinopec $150 Energy Oil Sao Tome Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 Sinohydro $460 Energy Hydro Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Three Gorges $350 Transport Autos Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 China Railway Construction $260 Metals Steel Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Sinomach $110 Transport Aviation Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Shandong Iron $1,490 Metals Steel Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 China Communications Construction $490 Transport Rail Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Kingho Energy $1,700 Metals Steel Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 China Railway Engineering $300 Transport Aviation Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Tianjin Materials $990 Metals Steel Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa
2006 Sinosteel $230 Metals Steel South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa
2007 ICBC $5,600 Finance Banking South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 First Auto Works and China Development Bank $100 Transport Autos South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Jinchuan Group and China Development Bank $230 Metals South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Tangshan Jidong Cement and China Development Bank $120 Real estate Construction South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 CITIC, China Development Bank, Long March Capital $470 Metals South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Jinchuan $1,360 Metals Copper South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 CIC $250 Finance Investment South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Beijing Jingmei $100 Energy Coal South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Hebei Steel, General Development, Tewoo $380 Metals Copper South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Shanghai Zendai $100 Real estate Property South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Energy Engineering $1,400 Energy Hydro South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Communications Construction $160 Transport Aviation South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Sinomach $210 Other Utilities South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinomach $220 Real estate Construction South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 China Communications Construction $100 Agriculture South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 Three Gorges $100 Agriculture Sudan Arab World
2008 Sinhydro and Three Gorges $400 Energy Hydro Sudan Arab World
2009 Sinohydro $220 Transport Autos Sudan Arab World
2009 Genertec $270 Energy Sudan Arab World
2009 CNPC $260 Energy Oil Sudan Arab World
2009 China Communications Construction $100 Transport Shipping Sudan Arab World
2010 China National Chemical Engineering $500 Agriculture Sudan Arab World
2010 Three Gorges $840 Energy Hydro Sudan Arab World
2011 China Communications Construction $1,210 Transport Aviation Sudan Arab World
2012 Sinomach $320 Agriculture Sudan Arab World
2007 Sinomach $160 Agriculture Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 China Dalian International Economic & Technical Cooperation $100 Energy Alternative Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Sichuan Hongda $2,400 Energy Coal Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 CNPC $500 Energy Gas Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Sinomach $320 Energy Gas Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Yuemei $150 Other Textiles Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Tebian Electric Apparatus $690 Energy Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Power Construction Corp $400 Energy Gas Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 China Railway Engineering $500 Real estate Construction Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 China Communications Construction $200 Transport Shipping Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 Sinohydro $370 Energy Hydro Togo Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Merchants $190 Transport Shipping Togo Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Merchants $190 Transport Shipping Togo Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 China National Building Materials $110 Real estate Construction Tunisia Arab World
2012 CNOOC $1,450 Energy Oil Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Sinomach $100 Metals Steel Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Communications Construction $480 Transport Autos Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Yunnan Copper-led consortium $180 Metals Copper Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Three Gorges $500 Energy Hydro Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Sinomach $100 Energy Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 CNOOC $2,000 Energy Oil Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Guangzhou Dongsong Energy $560 Chemicals Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Power Construction Corp $1,690 Energy Hydro Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa
2006 China Nonferrous $310 Metals Copper Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa
2008 Sinohydro $290 Energy Hydro Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 China Nonferrous $370 Metals Copper Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa
2009 Sinomach $670 Energy Hydro Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Sinomach $420 Real estate Construction Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Tebian Electric Apparatus $290 Energy Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Sinomach $180 Transport Autos Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Power Construction Corp $250 Energy Hydro Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Copper Mines $100 Metals Copper Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Nonferrous $830 Metals Copper Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 China Railway Construction $150 Other Utilities Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 State Construction Engineering $100 Transport Autos Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa
2007 Sinosteel $100 Metals Steel Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa
2010 Sinohydro $400 Energy Hydro Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Anhui Foreign Economic Construction $100 Real estate Construction Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Sinosteel $300 Metals Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa
2011 Anhui Foreign Economic Construction $200 Metals Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa
2012 Sinomach $200 Agriculture Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 China Jiangsu International Group $200 Transport Aviation Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa
2013 Shandong Taishan Sunlight $1,240 Energy Coal Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 Zhenfa New Energy Science $250 Energy Alternative Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa
2014 Power Construction Corp $1,340 Energy Coal Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa