Operational Risk Management
About Operational Risk ManagementOperational risk management is also known as ORM. With the help of operational risk management, various types of operational risks are managed that occur on a daily basis.
These risks include the risk of loss consequent to poor or unsuccessful internal methods, machinery and human resource, or extraneous happenings.
Important Advantages of Operational Risk Management
Following are the most important advantages of operational risk management:
- Decrease in losses arising from operations
- Reduced auditing/compliance expenses
- Decreased vulnerability to risks in the future
- Early sensing of illegitimate functions
Types of Operational RiskAccording to the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, the events, which lead to operational risks, can be categorized into the following types:
- External Fraud: Risk arising from fraudulent activities from a third party, for example, robbery, theft, phishing or hacking.
- Internal Fraud: Risk arising from fraudulent activities from internal parties.
- Products, Customers and Business Practices: Risk resulting from inadvertent or careless failure to satisfy a professional responsibility to particular customers (involving fiducial and appropriateness necessities) or from the characteristics of configuration of a commodity.
- Workplace safety and employment practices: Risk arising from non-compliance with health, employment, or safety acts or from disbursal of claims related to personal injury or from inequality/unfair treatment
- System failure and business interruptions: Risk resulting from interruptions of business operations or system breakdown. These include telecommunication, computer software, or computer hardware failure and equipment failure.
- Damages to tangible properties: Risk resulting from damages or losses of tangible properties due to natural calamity or other occurrences.
- Execution, supply and process management: Risk arising from failure in process management or transaction processing due to poor association with vendors and commercial service providers.
These involve the following:
- Performance & maintenance miscommunication
- Transaction seizure
- Missed responsibility or deadline
- Data entry, preservation or loading fault
- Accounting mistake
- System/Model malfunctioning
- Failure in delivery
- Entity assignment fault
- Failure in reference data preservation
- Failure from collateral management
- Unsuccessful compulsory reporting liability
- Reporting & monitoring failure
- Client Intake & Paperwork
- Erroneous external report (incurring loss)
- Incomplete or misplaced legal documents
- Overlooked client disclaimers/permissions
- Unauthorized access offered to accounts
- Client/Customer Account Management
- Careless damage or loss of customer assets
- Inappropriate customer records (incurring loss)
- Failure on behalf of commercial partners and non-client vendors and vendor disagreements