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China's Savings Rate

China's savings rate is high and this is reflected in all segments of its industrial and financial sector. In the year 1981, the savings rate was approximately 20% of its Gross Domestic Product or GDP. It had increased to 30% in the year 1988 and at present, it remains at around 40%.
Currently, the yearly GDP rate in China is increasing at around 10%. The ratio between domestic investment and GDP is quite high in comparison to other nations and it is increasing with the passage of time. This substantial extent of investment has become possible due to the truth that the ratio of national saving to GDP in China has reached really high degree both in terms of historical figures and international figures.

The elements functioning behind the increased rate of savings involve the following:
  • More than expected development
  • Relatively young population
  • Restraints in consumption as a result of an underdeveloped financial infrastructure
  • A defective social security arrangement
  • A broadening income inequality
  • Increased savings in the corporate sector enterprises receiving profits

Nevertheless, taking into account that these elements are anticipated to reverse in future, there is likelihood that savings rate of China may go down.

National savings is calculated as the aggregate of balance of current account and domestic or internal investment. In addition, if every variable quantity is divided by the Gross Domestic Product or GDP, the national saving rate of China can be estimated. The national saving rate of China has been increasing from about 35% at the time of the initial phases of open market reforms to 50.5% in the decade of 1980s. The majority of national savings is utilized for internal or domestic investments (in the year 2005, it was 43.4% of GDP). The amount that is excess comes out in the form of a current account surplus (in the year 2005, it was 7.1% of GDP). According to this trend, the increasing rate of saving is broadening the external disequilibrium of China.

The increased saving rate in China may be described with the help of the following:
  • The permanent income hypothesis
  • The life cycle hypothesis
  • The income disparity hypothesis
  • The underdeveloped or developing social security hypothesis
  • The developing financial infrastructure hypothesis
  • The increased corporate saving hypothesis

The increased savings rate in China has frequently been ascribed to a feeling of political and financial instability prevalent in the households in China. The high saving rate in Chinese enterprises is the result of high profitability in the private sector firms.

More Information On Savings
Determinants of Savings Savings Concept
Economic Growth of Savings Account Savings Plan
National Savings Economies of Scale in Savings
MPS Savings Concept National Savings Certificate
Consumption and Savings Savings Schemes
Factors of Savings Diminishing Return
Life Cycle of Savings Household Savings
Economics of Savings Savings and Investment
Harrod-Domar Savings Concept Micro savings
Aggregate Savings Savings Motive
Savings Account Personal Savings
Savings Bond World Savings Rate


Last Updated on : 3rd August 2013

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