World Stock Market

Investors and security issuers both participate in stock markets. Different sized entities participate in stock market activities, ranging from small investors to the governments, corporations, large hedge fund traders, and banks. Corporations, governments, and companies issue securities on the stock market to collect funds.
The stock market acts as a platform for companies to raise money for their business and investors to invest in securities.When both the buyers and sellers in stock markets are institutions, rather than individuals, the stock market principle is more institutionalized. The emergence of this institutional investor concept has brought some improvements to stock market operations around the world.

Stock markets can exist in both real and virtual arenas. Stock exchanges with physical locations carry out stock trading on trading floor. This method of conducting trading, where the traders enter verbal bids, is called open outcry.

In virtual stock exchanges, trading is done online by traders who are connected to each other by a network of computers.In addition to acting as a market place for stock trading, stock markets also act as the clearinghouse for stock transactions.
This means that stock exchanges collect and deliver the securities and also guarantee payment to the seller.

This ensures both the buyers and sellers of securities that their counterparts will not default on the transaction.

Stock markets in various countries around the world have performed well due to financial sector reforms and integration. International flow of funds has raised the expertise of stock exchanges in the respective countries.

Stocks Traded, Total Value (% of GDP)
Country Name 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Hong Kong SAR, China 578.2 410.0 459.5 498.2 667.5
China 89.1 59.4 81.1 115.5 361.9
East Asia & Pacific (excluding high income) 75.8 53.3 72.0 100.9 308.7
East Asia & Pacific (IDA & IBRD countries) 75.8 53.3 72.0 100.9 308.7
East Asia & Pacific 90.8 66.2 91.1 103.0 242.4
Late-demographic dividend 54.1 40.1 51.6 72.9 236.6
Upper middle income 53.9 40.6 52.2 71.5 233.3
United States 264.5 200.2 199.5 224.7 230.7
North America 245.6 187.4 186.8 210.8 217.9
IBRD only 46.0 35.5 44.5 60.6 191.2
Low & middle income 45.9 35.6 44.5 60.5 188.6
Middle income 46.0 35.7 44.5 60.5 188.6
IDA & IBRD total 43.7 34.0 42.4 57.7 183.1
World 105.4 82.7 88.2 102.3 169.6
Post-demographic dividend 140.4 111.1 117.1 130.2 168.5
High income 134.3 106.6 111.7 125.0 158.1
OECD members 130.5 103.6 108.8 120.6 152.1
Switzerland 118.9 89.0 102.1 104.7 143.7
Japan 72.9 56.2 123.9 105.4 135.1
Korea, Rep. 160.9 129.6 101.9 91.0 133.8
Spain 75.8 64.5 66.8 71.8 81.6
South Africa 54.2 57.1 63.4 70.2 74.8
Canada 82.4 73.9 72.0 75.4 70.7
Thailand 58.1 60.1 83.3 76.8 68.6
Singapore 99.8 90.1 92.8 65.5 67.6
Saudi Arabia 43.5 69.6 48.7 75.3 67.6
Australia 81.2 58.9 50.4 48.4 56.0
Turkey 46.6 45.5 45.5 46.3 48.7
Germany 41.9 35.3 35.0 32.8 43.0
Malaysia 43.7 39.3 44.0 42.2 37.6
India 35.5 33.8 28.9 35.8 37.2
South Asia 29.8 28.0 23.3 28.9 32.9
South Asia (IDA & IBRD) 29.8 28.0 23.3 28.9 32.9
Arab World 19.9 28.7 21.9 39.7 30.8
Early-demographic dividend 22.5 24.1 22.2 26.1 29.2
Middle East & North Africa 17.0 22.6 19.3 31.7 29.1
Norway 37.1 23.5 18.5 20.4 24.7
Brazil 31.6 33.8 30.0 26.7 23.7
Europe & Central Asia (excluding high income) 25.9 19.2 16.4 15.7 21.1
Lower middle income 17.6 16.7 14.5 18.1 19.9
Europe & Central Asia (IDA & IBRD countries) 24.0 18.1 15.9 15.0 19.3
Israel 29.3 19.6 19.0 15.5 19.0
Latin America & Caribbean (excluding high income) 21.6 22.7 21.0 18.2 15.8
United Arab Emirates 4.3 4.8 5.5 35.9 15.6
Latin America & Caribbean 19.3 19.8 18.2 15.9 15.3
Latin America & the Caribbean (IDA & IBRD countries) 19.3 19.8 18.2 15.9 15.3
Qatar 13.5 10.2 10.2 26.0 14.5
Philippines 12.2 14.3 16.4 14.8 13.2
Poland 13.8 12.0 13.9 10.6 11.1
Vietnam 5.5 6.1 11.7 9.6

Source: data.worldbank.org/

 

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Last Updated on : 22nd August 2016