includes the entire process of evaluation of a loan application and then to decide the scope of approving the loan to the applicant. It is a vital part of the mortgage processing and a lot of vital decisions depend on this particular subject.
Mortgage underwriting, involves the task of reviewing the credit history of the applicant and to decide the terms and conditions of the loan. Mortgage underwriting also performs the task of conforming the exact market value of the property, placed as a mortgage.
The mortgage underwriters are appointed to look after the mortgage loan approvals and every formality related to that. These people are professionals of this field and know everything about the market. The mortgage underwriter examines the loan qualification, approval, and pre-approval.
After going through all the papers the underwriter decides the fate of the loan and in case of the rejection of the loan, these people use to suggest the best available option to the applicant. The credit history is very important for the applicant.
The lender of the loan obviously goes through the credit history of the applicant because it confirms the credit clearance habit of the individual. If there is any bad credit history related to the applicant, it can change the whole scenario. The loan term can become shorter and the interest rate can go up. The underwriter also examines the credit score, down payment, equity, income, and outstanding loan, so that he can the bad credit history of the applicant can be modified in the best possible manner.
The income and debt ratio of the applicant is very important in any kind of loans. If an applicant earns $100,000 per annum and he spends $90,000 per annum to clear his debts, then it is impossible for him/her to afford a new loan and re-pay the loan amount with the interest. But, if the applicant earns enough and his debts are also almost nil, he can get the loan quite easily. The mortgage underwriter tries to find the exact relation between the income and the expenditure of an applicant, and at the same time, the underwriter also looks that if the person is worthy enough to pay back the loan amount.
Following are the underwriting process:
The necessary documents for the mortgage application are prepared by the loan officer.
The personal and credit information are put into the underwriting system which tests the qualification of the information. The loan officer, forwards the application to the underwriter with all the collected information
Pay stubs, bank statements, etc. are checked by the underwriter and if any document is missing, it is demanded by the underwriter. After becoming fully satisfied, he approves the loan.
There are computer programs available to deal in the matter and to minimize the option of the human underwriter to some extent. This is called automated underwriting. It helps to save a good deal of time and labor. It is a simple process where the loan provider evaluates an application by the computer program. These programs analyze the traditional subjects like credit score, payment history on other debts, income and debt ratios and so on. The use of these programs can reduce the underwriting time and more cases can be dealt in that extra time.
Last Updated on : 24th August 2013